aspect-ratio

The aspect-ratio  CSS property sets a preferred aspect ratio for the box, which will be used in the calculation of auto sizes and some other layout functions.

aspect-ratio: 1 / 1;
aspect-ratio: 1;

/* Global values */
aspect-ratio: inherit;
aspect-ratio: initial;
aspect-ratio: revert;
aspect-ratio: unset;

Values

auto

Replaced elements with an intrinsic aspect ratio use that aspect ratio, otherwise the box has no preferred aspect ratio. Size calculations involving intrinsic aspect ratio always work with the content box dimensions.

<ratio>

The box’s preferred aspect ratio is the specified ratio of width / height. If height and the preceding slash character are omitted, height defaults to 1. Size calculations involving preferred aspect ratio work with the dimensions of the box specified by box-sizing.

Formal definition

Initial valueauto
Applies toall elements except inline boxes and internal ruby or table boxes
Inheritedno
Computed valueas specified
Animation typediscrete

Formal syntax

auto | <ratio>

Examples

Examples of values for aspect-ratio

aspect-ratio: 1 / 1;
aspect-ratio: 16 / 9;
aspect-ratio: 0.5;

Mapping width and height to aspect-ratio

Browsers have added an internal aspect-ratio property that applies to replaced elements and other related elements that accept width and height attributes. This appears in the browser's internal UA stylesheet.

In Firefox, the internal stylesheet rule looks like this:

img, input[type="image"], video, embed, iframe, marquee, object, table {
  aspect-ratio: attr(width) / attr(height);
}

You can read more about this feature in Setting Height And Width On Images Is Important Again.

Specifications

Specification
CSS Box Sizing Module Level 4 (CSS Sizing 4)
# aspect-ratio

Browser compatibility

BCD tables only load in the browser

See also